|Title||Serum Free Production of Three-dimensional Human Hepatospheres from Pluripotent Stem Cells.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Lucendo-Villarin B, Rashidi H, Alhaque S, Fischer L, Meseguer-Ripolles J, Wang Y, O'Farrelly C, Themis M, Hay DC|
|Journal||J Vis Exp|
|Date Published||2019 Jul 20|
The development of renewable sources of liver tissue is required to improve cell-based modelling, and develop human tissue for transplantation. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) represent promising sources of human liver spheres. We have developed a serum free and defined method of cellular differentiation to generate three-dimensional human liver spheres formed from human pluripotent stem cells. A potential limitation of the technology is the production of dense spheres with dead material inside. In order to circumvent this, we have employed agarose microwell technology at defined cell densities to control the size of the 3D spheres, preventing the generation of apoptotic and/or necrotic cores. Notably, the spheres generated by our approach display liver function and stable phenotype, representing a valuable resource for basic and applied scientific research. We believe that our approach could be used as a platform technology to develop further tissues to model and treat human disease and in the future may permit the generation of human tissue with complex tissue architecture.
|Alternate Journal||J Vis Exp|