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Adipose derived pericytes rescue fractures from a failure of healing - non-union.

TitleAdipose derived pericytes rescue fractures from a failure of healing - non-union.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTawonsawatruk T, West CC, Murray IR, Soo C, Péault B, Simpson AHRW
JournalSci Rep
Volume6
Pagination22779
Date Published2016
ISSN2045-2322
Abstract

Atrophic non-union is attributed to biological failure of the fracture repair process. It occurs in up to 10% of fractures, results in significant morbidity to patients, and treatment often requires complex reconstructive procedures. We tested the ability of human bone derived marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), and human adipose derived pericytes (the native ancestor of the MSC) delivered percutaneously to the fracture gap to prevent the formation of atrophic non-union in a rat model. At eight weeks, 80% of animals in the cell treatment groups showed evidence of bone healing compared to only 14% of those in the control group. Radiographic parameters showed significant improvement over the eight-week period in the cell treatment groups, and histology confirmed bone bridges at the fracture gap in the both treatment groups. The quality of bone produced and its biomechanical properties were significantly enhanced in both treatment groups. The results from this study demonstrate that MSC and pericytes have significant bone regeneration potential in an atrophic non-union model. These cells may have a role in the prevention of atrophic non-union and could enable a paradigm shift in the treatment of fractures at high risk of failing to heal and developing non-union.

DOI10.1038/srep22779
Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID26997456
PubMed Central IDPMC4800389
Publication institute
CRM